A Hard Bid is where the Owner hires the designer/architect who then draws up the project plans. After the plans are approved, the Owner bids the work out to General Contractors either through invitation or advertising the bid. The lowest bidder wins regardless of qualifications. The General Contractor (GC) then hires subs based on their lowest bid. The Owner usually does not know the amount of the sub bids which means he/she may never know if they have overpaid for the project.